Computer Lab Accessibility Guidelines

The following are guidelines for equipment, software, signage, and other elements for computer labs throughout CUNY. CATS provides a variety of assistive technology software for reading, writing, visual impairments, blindness, and learning disabilities. With this, the CATS Assistive Technology Lab package aims to aid the availability of these software by providing unlimited licenses and installations for all workstations CUNY-wide, not just certain computer labs and specialized desktops. This also includes for students and faculty personal computers. Learn more about the assistive technology software requirements.

Visit the Minimum Lab Requirements for examples on computer lab requirements and desktop specifications.

Law Requirement

Any information and technology — including, but not limited to, computers and ancillary equipment, instructional materials, software, videos, multimedia, telecommunications, or web-based content or products — developed, procured, maintained, or used in carrying out university activities must be compliant with Sections 504 and 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, as amended, the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, as amended, and other related local, state, and federal laws, as well as other related university policies.

Some relevant sections of these laws and statutes are referenced at the end of this document.

Signs and documentation

Signs should be printed in with the following attributes:

  • 18 point sans serif fonts (see ADA Standards for specifics regarding fonts and spacing)
  • High-contrast  colors (i.e. black on white)
  • Capital letters
  • No italics, oblique angles, scripts, or other decorations
  • Braille (either on the same sign, or on a different sign)

If accessibility symbols are used, they should be the international accessibility symbols.

Signs with tactile characters (Braille) should be positioned so that the baseline of the lowest character is 48” above the floor and the baseline of the top character is a maximum of 60” from the floor.  Visual characters must be at least 40 inches from the floor.

Documentation should be available in both print and braille, and should be positioned no more than 48”above the floor.

An alternative to putting braille on signs around the lab is to have a HTML or Word document available in the ‘Accessibility Tools’ folder labeled ‘policies and guidelines.’  Electronic copies of the documentation are an acceptable alternative to braille documents.

Counters

Counters should be considered service counters such as where a student would sign in/out equipment, log books, Pay to Print swipe to release PC station, etc.  Surfaces where they perform the majority of their work, such as desks and tables, would be considered a work surface and are discussed  in subsequent sections.

Counters should have at least one section that’s at an acceptable height for patrons in wheelchairs or scooters, at most 36” from the floor, and at least 36” wide (30″ wide if approached from the front; otherwise should be adjacent to a walking surface that is at least 30” by 48”).  If writing is required (for example: sign in/out log), then the height should be between 28” and 34” from the floor. Visit the Height Adjustable Table page for examples.

Diagram of wheel chair height for accessible tables
Figure 1– Toe and knee clearance for front approach counters

Forward approach counters must have knee and toe space under the counter (at least 30” wide, and extending 17” under the counter with a height of 27” above the floor, which a toe clearance of 6” beyond the knee clearance at a height of 9” above the floor).

Workstations and other equipment

MINIMUM NUMBER OF HARDWARE ACCESSIBLE WORKSTATIONS:

It may not be feasible for a department to deploy accessible hardware on every computer in every lab. However, there are minimum numbers of accessible stations that need to be in each lab:

For each type of computer (i.e. PC, Mac, CAD Station, Scanning Station) in the lab, the number of accessible stations of that type should have at least 10% of the lab with accessible work stations.

Number of unique type STATIONS (i.e. General purpose Macs) Minimum number of required accessible workstations
1 to 25 2
26 to 50 2
51 to 150 4
151 to 300 5
301 to 500 6
501 to 5000 6, plus 1 for each 150, or fraction thereof, between 501 through 5000
Examples:
 Computer Lab A
Station Type Seats Required Accessible Seats
General PC 115 4
General Mac 22 1
Video Mac 4 1
Breakout Room 3 1

Ideally the accessible stations will be spread throughout the room, rather than grouped together, unless the computers of that type are typically grouped together.

The workstations that are fully accessible work station with assistive technology (hardware and/or software) should be designated with the international handicapped symbol and a notice “This workstation has assistive hardware and/or software, you may be asked to change workstations in order to provide access.”  Note: if the lab is full, the person with a disability will need to wait until another workstation has opened up, and then either they or a lab consultant should request the individual at the accessible workstation to move.

MINIMUM STANDARDS FOR ACCESSIBLE WORKSTATIONS:

There are four elements to consider with the physical dimensions of the work surface:

  • Height adjustable table is between 28″ and 34″ from floor.
  • Clearance of at least 27″ beneath the top of the work surface to the floor
  • The depth underneath the work surface to the floor must be between 17″ and 25″
  • Minimum width of 30″ of knee space for seated individuals

Diagram of Computer desktop with CPU on the floor with comments on dimensions of table height
Figure 2- work surface requirements

Note: If the work surface is slightly too low or too high, try adjusting the feet of the work surface.  If it is slightly too low you can also contact Facilities to cut a grove in a 2×4 and place that under the legs.

Clear aisle width between the work surface and a barrier that would be behind the person sitting at the work surface (for example, a wall, or the next row of work surfaces) is sufficient to maneuver a wheelchair or scooter, recommend 60″, minimum is 48″

A minimum of 60″ is required for turning into a work space (either 180 degree turn or T shaped)

Clear path to the workstation is at least 36″ wide (the path can narrow to 32″ at a point)

Diagram layout of computer lab dimensions
Figure 3 – Aisle space for work surfaces 

 

  • Access to controls, peripherals and ports (USB, audio, media, including drive trays) are between 15” and 48” from the floor (between 24” and 40” preferred) and 20″ to 25″ from the center of where the person’s lap is expected to be. (If the equipment is too low, contact Facilities to make a shim for under the computer.)
  • Access to input/output bins for scanners/printers is between 15” and 48” from the floor (between 24” and 40” preferred) and 20″ to 25″ from the center of where the person’s lap is expected to be.
  • The mice/trackballs should be able to be positioned for either left or right handed users, with adequate clearance between stations.
  • Chairs should have locking casters (ideally, all movable chairs in the lab would have locking casters.) The casters should lock when there is no weight in the chair, and should move freely when someone is sitting in the chair.

PREFERRED CONFIGURATION:

Height adjustable work surface with the following attributes:

  • Can be lowered and raised using no more than 5 lbs. of pressure
  • Can be adjusted without the need to use fine motor control (i.e. spring clip, or motorized)
  • Can be raised to standing height desk
  • Computer and peripherals are mounted to the work surface so that if raised to standing height or lowered to sitting position access to peripherals and ports (USB, audio, media, including drive trays) can be reached.  At the lowest setting, the lowest peripherals and ports should be no lower than 15” and no more than 48” from the floor (24″ to 40″ preferred).

ACCESSIBLE HARDWARE CONFIGURATION:

  • 24-inch monitor (Or more)
  • Height Adjustable Table
  • Good visible print keyboard
  • 21-inch monitor (user is able to adjust resolution)
  • Track ball (Kensington 4-Button USB Expert Pro Mouse – Trackball  or the equivalent)
  • Touchpad (Fellowes Internet Touchpad or the equivalent)
  • Alternative Keyboard: a mini keyboard with a light touch (such as the Kensington Comfort Type)
  • Book edge scanner: scanners which can scan books without producing discoloration due to the curvature of the book’s binding (such as the plustek opticbook model 3800) are required for general purpose labs, but optional in specialty labs
  • Sound card: Any compatible sound card
  • Large print keyboard via Zoom Caps
  • Wrist rests and forearm rests

It is acceptable to have the accessible hardware at the consultant station and available as requested; however, a sign should be posted “equipment available upon request” and a list of the hardware.

EQUIPMENT AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST

  • Document Enlarger: (Optelec Clearview or the Equivalent)
  • Document camera or portable CCTV: (Magnilink S Student Flex – PRO HD)
  • Tray load CD/DVD drive if the workstations use slot load drives
  • Adjustable table (either a height adjustable table – see ‘preferred configuration’ above, or an Anthro Adjusta Unit or the equivalent)

Software 

Visit the CATS Assistive Technology Lab package page if you’re qualified  IT personal in CUNY and would like to download the latest versions of the software CATS provides for all CUNY schools.  For activation and product licensing, please contact your disability office director/coordinator.

Below you will find essential assistive software that must be available for all Windows and Macintosh computers. Macintosh laptops, desktops, and phones come with a built in screen reader (VoiceOver) and Magnifier (Zoom) that are optimized and for the Apple operating systems. Learn more about Apple accessibility software.

NECESSARY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY SOFTWARE FOR ALL PC WORKSTATIONS:

  • Kurzweil 3000 – Reading writing software
  • ZoomText Fusion 2018 – Magnifying + Screen Reader
  • JAWS 2018- Screen Reader
  • ZoomText 2018 – Screen Magnifying software
  • WYNN 7 Wizard
  • OpenBook 9

NECESSARY ASSISTIVE TECHNOLOGY FOR ALL MACINTOSH WORKSTATIONS:

  • Kurzweil 3000 – Reading writing software
  • VoiceOver – Screen reader
  • Zoom – Screen Magnifier software
  • Dictation- Voice-To-Text software

In the latest CATS Assistive Technology Lab package, the new ZoomText Fusion 2018, JAWS 2018, ZoomText 2018, WYNN 7, OpenBook 11 are provided with unlimited network licenses for CUNY workstations connected on network (LAN) with the exception of Kurzweil 3000 that uses user account authentication. It is therefore recommended that these programs be installed as part of the master image for all machines. In addition, drivers for all of the accessible hardware which is available at the consultant desk be installed as part of the master image.  It is recommended that drivers for the following braille displays be added to the master image as well:

 

Legal & statutory references

This section contains references to several laws and statues that are common to computer labs.  However, each lab may have unique equipment or physical spaces that are subject to laws not referenced in this section.

The relevant sections of Section 508 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 may include:  subpart B 1194.26 for workstations and subpart B 1194.25 for Pay to Print stations.

Relevant sections of the 2010 ADA Standards for Accessible Design may include:

  • 304 Turning Space
  • 305 Clear Floor or Ground Space
  • 306 Knee and Toe Clearance
  • 308 Reach Ranges
  • 309 Operable Parts
  • 703 Signs
  • 802 Wheelchair Spaces, Companion Seats, and Designated Aisle Seats
  • 902 Dining Surfaces and Work Surfaces
  • 904 Check-Out Aisles and Sales and Service Counters

 

Thank you to Temple University for allowing us to use their content.